Read Complete Chamber Music for Strings and Clarinet Quintet by Johannes Brahms Free Online
Book Title: Complete Chamber Music for Strings and Clarinet Quintet|
The author of the book: Johannes Brahms
Edition: Dover Publications
Date of issue: June 1st 1968
ISBN 13: 9780486219141
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Format files: PDF
The size of the: 648 KB
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The Breitkopf & Härtel edition of the complete works of Brahms (Johannes Brahms: Sämtliche Werke; Ausgabe der Gesellschaft der Musikfrunde in Wien), prepared in the 1920s, is still considered the standard source for the music of Brahms. It is the music of Brahms as the composer himself conceived it, without any editor's additional markings of dynamic change, tempo variation, slurrings, phrasings, etc. As the pure, authentic text for the music of Brahms, the edition is unlikely ever to be superseded.
This volume is an unabridged republication of Volume 7 of the Complete Works. It contains the Sextets Opp. 18 and 36 (2 violins, 2 violas, 2 cello); the Quintets Opp. 88 and 111 (2 violins, 2 violas, cello); the three Quartets Opp. 51, No. 1, 51 No. 2, and 67 (2 violins, viola, cello); and the Quintet for Clarinet, Op. 115 (2 violins, clarinet — or viola — viola, cello).
Hans Gal, the editor for this and many of the other volumes in the series, states in a short preface the sources for the texts of the eight compositions. In every case these include at least two sources, and often as many as four; the edition in score and in parts as published by N. Simrock, Berlin; Brahms's personal copy of the Simrock score; and the original manuscript. The preface discusses the few corrections and significant variant readings. In the Dover edition, this preface is provided in both German and English.
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Read information about the authorIn 1833, Johannes Brahms was born in Germany. As a teenager playing for drunken sailors in a Hamburg bar, Brahms would prop up books of poetry to read as a diversion. His favorite poet was the anticlerical G.F. Daumer, described by the Catholic Encyclopedia as "an enemy of Christianity". Brahms' works were influenced by such writers as Hoffman, Friedrich Schiller and Robert Burns. He was well-read in philosophy and science, and was an avid hiker who took inspiration from nature. When asked by a conductor to add additional sectarian text to his German Requiem, Brahms responded, "As far as the text is concerned, I confess that I would gladly omit even the word German and instead use Human; also with my best knowledge and will I would dispense with passages like John 3:16." (Jan Swafford, Johannes Brahms: A Biography). A liberal, Brahms ardently opposed anti-Semitism, was approachable even at the height of his fame, and was always generous with his time and charity. Biographer Swafford writes of the young composer: "Though he was to be a freethinker in religion, Johannes pored over the Bible beyond the requirements for his Protestant confirmation." From then on, "Music was Brahms' religion." According to Swafford, Brahms was "a humanist and an agnostic." After nearly 64 years of near perfect health, never even enduring a headache, Brahms succumbed quickly to liver cancer. There was no deathbed conversion. D. 1897.
In his lifetime, Brahms's popularity and influence were considerable; following a comment by the nineteenth-century conductor Hans von Bülow, he is sometimes grouped with Johann Sebastian Bach and Ludwig van Beethoven as one of the "Three Bs". The diligent, highly constructed nature of Brahms's works was a starting point and an inspiration for a generation of composers.